Glossary of Terms

The Terms of Learning Management Systems Defined.

  • ACL (access control list)

    A list of permissions attached to an object. An ACL specifies which users or system processes are granted access to objects, as well as what operations are allowed on given objects.

  • Activities Block

    Provides easy and direct navigation to any activity in your course. As the instructor/trainer adds different types of activities they will appear in this block. You will be able to navigate to the activities page for more information and links to the activity.

  • Adaptive Learning

    Adaptive learning is a method for delivering education via computer-based programs that adapts the instructional sequence based on an individual student’s responses and scores.

  • Adaptive release

    Adaptive release allows instructors and course designers to release course content based on rules that they create. For example, an instructor can control what content is made available to which students and under what conditions they are allowed to see it.

  • Agile Development

    Agile development is based on iterative and incremental development, where requirements and solutions evolve more quickly through collaboration and between self-organizing, cross-functional teams. Key features include evolutionary development, adaptive planning, and delivery.

  • Ajax

    An acronym for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML is a group of interrelated web development techniques used on the client-side to create asynchronous web applications. With Ajax, web applications can send data to, and retrieve data from, a server asynchronously (in the background) without interfering with the display and behavior of the existing page.


    Alice is an innovative 3D programming environment that makes it easy to create an animation for telling a story, playing an interactive game, or a video to share on the web. Alice is a freely available teaching tool designed to be a student’s first exposure to object-oriented programming.

  • Analytics

    Analytics interprets captured usage and scores to identify patterns and trends that indicate how the content is being used, as well as its efficacy for an individual or a group of users.

  • Ant

    Apache Ant is a software tool for automating software build processes. It is similar to Make but is implemented using the Java language, requires the Java platform, and is best suited to building Java projects.

  • Apache Hadoop

    Apache Hadoop is an open-source software framework for storage and large scale processing of data-sets on clusters of commodity hardware.

  • Applet

    An Applet refers to a Java Applet, which is Web content that requires a browser plug-in. Applets can be used in a way similar to a flash file or movie.

  • Assessment

    Assessment is a method for measuring a learner’s level of comprehension and mastery of a given subject. Assessments can take many forms: a computer-scored test, a graded assignment, or an observed behavior.

  • Blended Learning

    Blended learning is a mix of learning modalities: live classroom instruction, virtual classroom instruction, self-paced eLearning, on-going performance support, social learning, and more.

  • Cloud

    With respect to learning management, the cloud is an Internet-based repository of learning assets. With content in the cloud, the source version of content can be accessed by anyone and at any time.

  • Cloud Learning

    Cloud learning is the storage of educational content in the cloud, so that the learning course is available on many devices and at any location.

  • Collaborative Authoring

    Collaborative authoring allows distributed and specific users the ability to work on different parts of the same project at the same time.

  • Competency

    Competency is the skill and intellect required for a person to perform a required function or position. For example, a nurse learning how to insert an IV needle.

  • Competency-based learning/training

    Often used when a learner must master a concrete topic/skill and is conducive to independent study, where a learner can advance at their own pace

  • Content Delivery Network (CDN)

    A Content Delivery Network is a structure of servers that distribute webpages and other Web content to a user based on the geographical location of the user, the source of the webpage, and a content delivery server

  • Content Lifecycle Management

    Content Lifecycle Management Content lifecycle management (CLM) is the management of content throughout the useful life of the content. It describes the content in each phase, from its conception through its development, use, revision, and retirement.

  • Content Management

    Content management (often abbreviated to CM) is a system of technologies and processes that maps out who can access the content, what can be done to it, and how it can be used–whether it be video, document or any type of file.

  • CSS

    Cascading style sheets (CSS) is a style language used to describe the formatting and aesthetics of a Web page, such as the font, colors, and layout. CSS is used with HTML, XTML, and XML, which allows the same content to be formatted differently for different audiences and delivery platforms.

  • Derivative Works

    Derivative works are produced by reusing content from existing sources.

  • eLearning

    eLearning or electronic learning is education through any form of electronic device.

  • ePub

    ePub is a standard format for eBooks.

  • Filtering

    Filtering provides a means to include or exclude portions of content for specific audiences.

  • HTML 5

    HTML 5 is the fifth revision of the HTML standards. HTML stands for hyper text markup language, which is a standard language used to describe Web pages. The fifth revision attempts to define a single markup language, which could be written in different formats and still be both easily identifiable by computers and visually appealing […]


    Instructor-led training (ILT) is the traditional classroom learning environment with an instructor. Virtual instructor–led training (VILT) is delivered over the internet via a live, online virtual classroom environment.

  • Informal Learning

    Informal learning is the learning that takes place during everyday activities, such as work, socializing, and extracurricular activities.

  • Instructional Designer

    An instructional designer is a designer of educational experiences. Instructional designers typically have a structured methodology for defining learning outcomes, the means to assess if the outcomes are met, and an instructional strategy for transferring the knowledge.

  • LCMS

    The learning content management system (LCMS) is a software application that allows users to create, publish, and manage learning content.

  • Learning Management System (LMS)

    Learning management system (LMS) is a software application that allows for the administration, documentation, delivery and tracking of eLearning programs and content.

  • Learning Object

    A learning object is a piece of learning content that relates to a learning objective.

  • Learning Objectives

    Learning objectives are a desired results that the person is expected to gain from interacting with the content.

  • Learning Outcomes

    Learning outcomes are the result of successful learning and are measured by the demonstration of mastery of the learning objective.

  • LTI

    Learning tools interoperabilty (LTI) is a standard developed by the IMS Global Consortium that provides a standard means to integrate learning content and tools from third-party vendors.

  • Managed Hosting

    Managed hosting refers to the hosting services provided by the hosting service provider. Lambda Solutions offers a fully managed hosting service, meaning that your Moodle or Totara site will be monitored by experienced webmasters.

  • Mashup

    Mashup refers to the methodology for dynamically assembling learning programs from existing content and learning tools.

  • Metadata

    Metadata is descriptive information about learning content.

  • mLearning

    mLearning (mobile) stands for mobile learning, and it allows users to access learning content through mobile device technologies, creating a learning environment that available to anyone with a mobile device.

  • Multi-channel Publishing

    Multi-channel publishing allows the same content to be transformed into different delivery formats. This typically includes PDF, Word, HTML, and standard formats such as SCORM, AICC, Common Cartridge, ePub, DITA, and more.

  • Para Block

    A para block is a foundational object in most content structures. It is an all-purpose object that contains a collection of the most common document objects (text, images, videos, tables, lists, etc.).

  • Performance Support

    The electronic performance support system (EPSS) is an online support program that allows users to access the information and training resources that support work performance.

  • Permissions

    Permissions govern a user’s rights to create, write, update, and delete files.

  • Personalization

    Personalization matches the needs of a learner to the available learning resources in the organization. A personalization system uses a user profile to determine how to match the user to the content.

  • Portal

    A portal is a web site that aggregates disparate content and services into a unified user interface.

  • Prescriptive Learning

    Prescriptive learning is a methodology that pre-tests a user against a set of learning objectives, measures their baseline knowledge, and adapts the curriculum delivery.

  • QTI

    The IMS question and test interoperability (QTI) is an XML standard for assessment times and tests that enables them to be interoperable across delivery systems.

  • Rapid Authoring

    Rapid authoring describes a class of desk-top authoring tools that create eLearning content.

  • Repurpose

    Repurposing content means using existing content by adapting it to a new context.

  • Reuse

    Reused content is linked to multiple contexts. A single change to a reused object will update all the contexts in which it’s being referenced.

  • SaaS

    Software as a service (SaaS) is the hosting of data and software applications on a network. The data stored is accessible to users through the web in a centralized location.


    Sharable content object reference model is a set of technical standards used by creators of learning content and learning management systems to ensure that all eLearning content can “communicate” together. The goal is to provide the same experience to a learner across compliant learning management systems.

  • Security

    Security refers to the protection of user data and content.

  • Single-Source

    A single source is a content development methodology that separates the content from the presentation, thus enabling the same content to be coupled with different transformations to produce different outputs and formats from the same source content.

  • SME

    A subject matter expert (SME) is a person who is an expert in their particular field of work or on a particular topic.

  • Social Learning

    Social learning is a learning process that takes place through social contexts, such as through observation, the use of models, and the imitation of others.

  • Standard

    A standard is a custom or norm that is required to be met by all parties.

  • Structured Authoring

    In a structured authoring environment, users must follow a predetermined set of rules for how to structure their content. XML authoring is structured authoring.

  • Styles

    Style defines the presentational aspects of a print or Web document. It includes the fonts, sizes, colors, margins, and more.

  • Tin Can API (Experience API)

    An evolution of SCORM, Tin Can allows the “communication” between different learning systems to updated a learner’s progress with training. I.e. I completed Quiz #4. The progress updates are sent to a Learning Record Store.

  • tLearning

    tLearning stands for tablet learning, and it is a specific mode of mLearning in which learning content is accessed through tablets, such as iPads and Androids.

  • User ID

    It enables the network operating system to retrieve your files so that you can access them. It also enables levels of access to be set for different users. User IDs do not need to be kept secure. It is your password which makes your account secure.

  • User profiles

    A visual display of personal data associated with a specific user, or a customized desktop environment.

  • User role

    A predefined role (often by the system administrator) that includes tasks that allow users to view basic information about the report server.

  • Virtual Network Computing (VNC)

    Virtual Network Computing (VNC) is a graphical desktop sharing system that uses the Remote Frame Buffer protocol (RFB) to remotely control another computer.

  • WAMP

    An application server platform based on a stack of Windows, Apache, MySQL, and PHP.

  • Web page

    A web page (or webpage) is a web document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and the web browser. A web browser displays a web page on a monitor or mobile device.

  • Web stack

    Software stacks in Web development environments. The stack of software, mainly comprised of open source software, will contain an operating system, Web server, database server, and programming language. One of the most well-known web stacks is LAMP.

  • Weekly Format

    The course is organized week by week, with a clear start date and a finish date. Each week consists of activities. Some of them, like journals, may have “open windows” of, say, two weeks after which they become unavailable.

  • Whiteboard

    A Web Whiteboard is touch-friendly online whiteboard app that lets you use your computer, tablet or smartphone to easily draw sketches, collaborate with others and share them with the world.

  • Wicd

    Wicd is an open source wired and wireless network manager for Linux which aims to provide a simple interface to connect to networks with a wide variety of settings.

  • Wiki

    A type of content management system, a wiki is usually a web application which allows people to add, modify, or delete content in a collaboration with others.

  • Workflow

    Workflow describes the sequence of tasks and the approvals needed to drive content through a production lifecycle.

  • Xen

    A native (bare-metal) hypervisor providing services that allow multiple computer operating systems to execute on the same computer hardware concurrently.

  • XML

    The extensible markup language (XML) is a language that sets rules for encoding documents into a standard format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. The XML language makes documents and other encoded material appear with the same format on different devices.

  • XviD

    Xvid is a primary competitor of the DivX Pro Codec. In contrast with the DivX codec, which is proprietary software developed by DivX, Inc., Xvid is free software distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License

“There is absolutely no way we could have done it with just our own IT people. Lambda takes care of the Moodle LMS that powers our business.”

Mick Moffitt | Training Division CEO

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